The electric field strength of a uniform electric field is given by:
The units of electric field strength can therefore be given as
This also yields some equations of capacitance:
is the permittivity of free space and ε is the relative permittivity) .
Using some simple principles and equations, it is possible to model the motion of charged particles in a uniform electric field:
- Any charged particle experiences a constant acceleration because it experiences a constant force (uniform electric field)
3. The force experienced by a charge particle is given by =
4.The work done on an electron is given by =
A charged particle in a uniform electric field will follow a parabolic path because there is no acceleration for horizontal motion, but there is acceleration for vertical motion.