There are alternatives to fossil fuels but each has costs and benefits

– The global drive to reduce carbon emissions and to decouple fossil fuels from economic growth must involve increasing reliance on alternative sources of ‘clean’ energy.
– Renewable and recyclable energy sources are part of the multi-energy approach to energy security and protecting the carbon cycle.
– Contribution of renewables varies from country to country.




Biomass: Organic matter used as a fuel (power stations to generate electricity)
Biofuel: A fuel derived from living matter
– Primary Biofuels include fuelwood, wood chips and other organic materials that are used in an unprocessed form for heating, cooking or electricity generation.
– Secondary Biofuels derived from the processing of biomass and include liquid biofuels such as ethanol & biodiesel; used by vehicles and in industrial processes.