Global cybercrime

Thomas and Loader define cybercrime as computer mediated activities that are illegal and are conducted through global electronic networks. Jewkes notes that the internet creates opportunities to commit both conventional crimes (fraud) and new crimes using new tools (software piracy). Wall identifies 4 categories of cybercrime: cyber trespass (hacking), cyber-deception (identity theft), cyber-pornography and cyber violence (text bullying).

Policing cybercrime is difficult arty because of the sheer scale of the internet and because its globalised nature poses problems of jurisdiction.

Surveillance ICT provides police and state with greater opportunities for surveillance and control (CCTV, electronic database and digital fingerprinting)