Schizophrenia

Biological Treatments of Schizophrenia

Antipsychotic Drugs – you need to know this one well! There are two types – traditional antipsychotic drugs and modern antipsychotic drugs. Traditional Antipsychotic Drugs: Based on the medical model – biochemical theory i.e. dopamine hypothesis. The first drugs,...

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Two Psychological Explanations of Schizophrenia

There are more than two psychological explanations but you only need to know two in great detail. However, acknowledge that others exist (such as family relations and the cognitive explanation) as you can use them for comparison/evaluation. Psychodynamic Schizophrenia...

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Psychological Treatments of Schizophrenia

Psychoanalysis This is the psychodynamic treatment for schizophrenia and it was founded by Sigmund Freud. Freud believed that a person could be cured through talking about their unconscious thoughts and motivations (making them conscious thoughts). Psychoanalysis...

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Diagnostic Criteria for Schizophrenia

ICD Diagnosis Symptoms should be present for most of the time lasting for at least one month at some time during most days: (1) At least one of the following must be present: (a) thought echo, thought insertion or withdrawal, or thought broadcasting; (b) Delusions of...

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Classification and Diagnosis of Schizophrenia

Issues of reliability Reliability refers to the consistency of a measuring instrument, such as a questionnaire or scale, to assess, for example the severity of their schizophrenic symptoms. They can be measured in terms of whether two independent assessors give...

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Biological Explanations of Schizophrenia

Genetic factors Family studies They find individuals who have schizophrenia (S) and determine whether their biological relatives are similarly affected more often than non-biological relatives. They have established that S is more common among biological relatives of...

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Psychological Explanations of Schizophrenia

Psychological theories Cognitive Acknowledges the role of biological factors in causing the initial sensory experiences of S, but further features appear as the individual attempts to understand these experiences. When they first experience voices and other worrying...

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Biological Therapies for Schizophrenia

Antipsychotic medication Treat forms of psychotic illness. They help the person with the disorder to function as well as possible in their life and, as well as increasing their feelings of subjective wellbeing. Conventional antipsychotic drugs Reduce the effects of...

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Psychological Therapies for Schizophrenia

Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) The basic assumption is that people often have distorted beliefs which influence their behaviour. Delusions are thought to result from faulty interpretations of events, and cognitive therapy is used to help the patient identify and...

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Clinical Characteristics of Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is characterised by a profound disruption of cognition and emotion, which affects a person’s language, thought, perception and sense of self. Schneider (1959) identified the first rank symptoms of Schizophrenia. These are now called Type 1 symptoms and...

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Two Biological Explanations of Schizophrenia

There are more than two biological explanations but you only need to know two in great detail. However, acknowledge that others exist (such as viral infections and the neuroanatomical explanation) as you can use them for comparison/evaluation. Neurochemical: The...

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