The Third Law of Thermodynamics: the entropy of a perfect (ionic) crystal at 0K is zero bcus there is

NO disorder (everythings is positioned perfectly)

          ○ S values at other temps must be higher

Standard Entropy

  • Standard Entropies S° (at 298K and 1 atm) (must be given)
  • Pure elements have lower entropy values than larger/complex molecules

               ○ More complex molecules have higher S° because more ways the molecules can be arranged

  • = J/K x mol 

          ○ Total entropy of products – total entropy of reactants